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The term applies to states in which supreme authority is vested in the monarch, an individual ruler who functions as the head of state and who achieves his or her position through heredity.
Most monarchies allow…. Belgium , country of northwestern Europe. It is one of the smallest and most densely populated European countries, and it has been, since its independence in , a representative democracy headed by a hereditary constitutional monarch.
Initially, Belgium had a unitary form of government. The Acts of Union were a pair of Parliamentary Acts passed during and by the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland to put into effect the Treaty of Union agreed on 22 July The acts joined the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland previously separate sovereign states , with separate legislatures but with the same monarch into the Kingdom of Great Britain.
Although described as a Union of Crowns, until there were in fact two separate crowns resting on the same head.
There had been attempts in , , and , to unite England and Scotland by Acts of Parliament but it was not until the early 18th century that the idea had the support of both political establishments behind it, albeit for rather different reasons.
In addition, many of the pre-Norman kings assumed extra titles, as follows:. In James I , who had inherited the English throne the previous year, adopted the title now usually rendered in English rather than Latin King of Great Britain.
The English and Scottish parliaments, however, did not recognise this title until the Acts of Union of under Queen Anne who was Queen of Great Britain rather than king.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about English monarchs until For earlier monarchs of Wessex, see List of monarchs of Wessex.
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A 12th-century list of kings gives him a reign length of four weeks, though one manuscript of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle says he died only 16 days after his father.
A Struggle for Mastery. Henry II. The Angevin Empire. His body currently lies at Fontevraud Abbey. He was never crowned.
However the extent of his authority and his status are ambiguous. The Act says that Philip shall have the title of king and "shall aid her Highness The Parliament of Scotland also opposed it.
Running Press. In Lapidge, Michael ed. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing. Handbook of British Chronology 3rd ed. Royal Historical Society.
The political thought of King Alfred the Great. Cambridge University Press. Archived from the original on 6 February Retrieved 4 February Archived from the original on 1 October Retrieved 16 January Archived from the original on 25 January In Higham, N.
Edward, King of the Anglo-Saxons. Edward the Elder. Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England. Archived from the original on 17 March Retrieved 15 March Retrieved 17 March Archived from the original on 8 January Archived from the original on 16 March Archived from the original on 27 September Archived from the original on 5 April Archived from the original on 1 July Archived from the original on 27 January Retrieved 21 January Archived from the original on 15 March Archived from the original on 29 January Archived from the original on 16 October Retrieved 27 October Archived from the original on 11 October Archived from the original on 22 September Apr — Nov ".
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A pharaoh of Canaanite descent from the 14th Dynasty possibly identical to 'Ammu. Egyptian commissioner in southern Canaan mentioned in the Amarna letters.
Together, they managed to achieve complete influence over Ptolemy IV. A daughter of Queen Tetisheri and Senakhtenre Ahmose , and was probably the sister, as well as the wife, of pharaoh Seqenenre Tao.
Ahhotep reigned as regent until her son, Ahmose I , was of age. Also known as Ahhotpe or Aahhotep. Also called Ahmose. Pharaoh of the late 17th dynasty, his existence and complete name were confirmed by recent archeological discoveries.
Founder of the 18th dynasty. He was a son of pharaoh Seqenenre Tao and brother of the last pharaoh of the seventeenth dynasty, Kamose. During his reign, he completed the conquest and expulsion of the Hyksos from the delta region and restored Theban rule over the whole of Egypt.
A daughter of pharaoh Seqenenre Tao by his sister-wife Sitdjehuti. Ahmose was a half-sister of Pharaoh Ahmose I. Wife of 18th dynasty pharaoh, Thutmose I , and the mother of queen and later, pharaoh, Hatshepsut.
Probably a son of pharaoh Amenhotep II. Ahmose, son of Ebana. He was the crown prince but pre-deceased his father. She was the sister of Ahmose I.
Daughter of 17th dynasty pharaoh Seqenenre Tao by his sister-wife Ahmose-Inhapi. She was probably married to her half-brother Pharaoh Ahmose I.
Ahmose-Henuttamehu was a half-sister to queen Ahmose-Nefertari. She was married to her half- brother Seqenenre Tao and they had a daughter, Ahmose-Henuttamehu.
She was probably a daughter of Seqenenre Tao. Probably the daughter of Seqenenre Tao and a sister of Ahmose I. Ahmose Nefertari. Following Ahmose I's death, Ahmose-Nefertari became the regent for her son Amenhotep I and ruled until he was old enough to rule on his own.
Ahmose Pen-Nekhebet. An Egyptian official and military commander who started his career under Ahmose I and served all subsequent pharaohs until Thutmose III.
A colossal statue of hers stood before the eighth pylon at Karnak. Ahmose called Si-Tayit. Viceroy of Kush during the reign of Ahmose I.
Possibly the first Viceroy to serve in that capacity. Probably the daughter of Pharaoh Kamose. She probably married Ahmose I. Also called Sitkamose.
Probably a daughter of pharaoh Seqenenre Tao and a sister of Ahmose I. Son of Ahmose called Si-Tayit. He abandoned traditional Egyptian polytheism and introducing worship centered on Aten.
Also called Echnaton or Akhenaton. Possibly a son of Harsiotef and a brother of Nastasen. Akhraten may have been succeeded by Nastasen.
Alara of Nubia. The founder of the Napatan royal dynasty and was the first recorded prince of Nubia. His successors would comprise the 25th Dynasty of Egypt.
Kushite King of Meroe. The successor of Akhraten and the predecessor of Nastasen. The son of King Malewiebamani , and brother of Baskakeren.
His predecessor Talakhamani was either an older brother or an uncle. His name is also written as Amanneteyerike, Aman-nete-yerike , or Irike-Amannote.
Based at Sais and the successor to Apries. Under Amasis II , Egypt's agricultural based economy reached its zenith. Also called Ahmose II.
The first ruler of the 12th dynasty. Amenemhat I was a vizier of his predecessor Mentuhotep IV. He moved the capital from Thebes to Itjtawy.
The third pharaoh of the 12th dynasty of Egypt. Sixth king of the 12th dynasty. Son of Senusret III. Seventh king of the 12th dynasty.
Possibly a son of Amenemhat III. He was the eldest son and appointed heir but predeceased his father. The son of Pharaoh Thutmose IV.
He died young and was buried in his father's tomb. Amenemipet called Pairy. The son of Psusennes I and Queen Mutnedjemet. He was the successor to his father, and after c.
AMenemope was buried in Tanis. He was probably a son of Amenhotep II. Known from stela from Giza, and possibly depicted on the stela of the royal nurse Senetruiu.
She was probably a daughter of Thutmose IV. Buried with other royal princesses in the Sheikh Abd el-Qurna cache.
Served as Viceroy of Kush during the reign of the 19th dynasty pharaoh Seti I. Amenemope, son of Kanakht, is thought to be the author of the Instruction of Amenemope , an Egyptian text written in the Ramesside Period.
His discourses are presented in the traditional form of instructions from father to son on how to live a good and moral life. The second pharaoh of the 18th dynasty of Egypt.
He was the son of Ahmose I and queen Ahmose-Nefertari. He inherited an enlarged kingdom formed by his father's military conquests and maintained dominance over Nubia and the Nile Delta.
Also called Amenophis I'. Also called Amenophis II'. The son of Thutmose IV and queen Mutemwia. His lengthy reign was a period of unprecedented prosperity and artistic splendour, when Egypt reached the peak of her artistic and international power.
Also called Amenophis III'. Changed his name to Akhenaten in the 4th year of his reign. Amenhotep, son of Hapu. Amenhotep, son of Hapu, was an architect, a priest, a scribe, and a public official, who held a number of offices under Pharaoh Amenhotep III.
He was also the vizier and first prophet of Amun-resonther. A son and possibly the designated heir of Amenhotep II.
He was one of the highest officials at the royal court. He served during the reign of the 18th dynasty pharaoh Amenhotep III.
The first wife of the pharaoh Horemheb , the last ruler of the 18th dynasty. Amenia died before Horemheb became Pharaoh. Buried in Saqqara.
Possibly the son of Pharaoh Merneptah and Queen Takhat. Amenmesse likely usurped the throne from Seti II , Merneptah's son.
The two may have ruled as rivals until Seti II defeated Amenmesse. Also called Amenmesses or Amenmose. The eldest son and designated heir of Thutmose I.
He predeceased his father. Amethu called Ahmose. Ameny Qemau ruled during the early 13th dynasty. A pyramid in southern Dahshur was constructed for him.
Possibly also known as Sehotepibre. A vassal of Shabaka of the 25th dynasty, installed as governor of Sais by him. He was the crown prince of Egypt but predeceased his father.
His name is also written as Amonhirkhopshef and earlier in his life as Amun-her-wenemef. The only king of the 28th dynasty of Egypt who ruled after the first Persian occupation of Egypt.
Amyrtaeus was defeated in a battle with his successor, Nepherites I of Mendes, and executed. Also known as Amenirdisu of Sais.
He succeeded King Malonaqen and was in turn succeeded by King Amaninatakilebte. Obscur semitic ruler during the second intermediate period.
Possibly a vassal of the Hyksos, an Hyksos prince, or a Canaanite chieftain contemporaneous with the 12th dynasty. Possibly a son of King Den.
Viceroy of Kush during the reign of Ramesses II. He is best known under the name of Ankh-af-na-khonsu, and as the dedicant of the so-called Stela of Revealing.
He was a son of Nefermaat , the eldest son of pharaoh Sneferu, and of Itet. Named Ankhesenpaaten at her birth, she was a daughter of the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten and Nefertiti and became queen to her half- brother Tutankhamun.
Following their marriage, the couple honored the deities of the restored religion by changing their names to Tutankhamun and Ankhesenamen.
Ankhesenpaaten Tasherit. She was probably the daughter of Ankhesenamun who was named Ankhesenpaaten as a princess and Akhenaten.
A queen consort to Pharaoh Pepi I. Ankhesenpepi was a daughter of Nebet , the female vizier , and her husband Khui.
Also called Ankhenesmeryre I. Also called Ankhenesmeryre II. Queen of Pharaoh Pepi II. She was the mother of 7th dynasty king Neferkare II.
An Egyptian prince who served as vizier and overseer of works for King Khafra. Ankhhaf was a son of pharaoh Sneferu. He served under pharaoh Osorkon II.
His name is also written as Ankhrenepnefer and Ankhsherynefer. He was the second king reigned c. His name is also written as: Ankhonnophris, Khaonnophris, Chaonnophris and Ankmachis.
Son of King Khafre. Served as vizier. Ankhnesneferibre was the daughter of Psamtik II and his wife Takhuit. A son of Nefermaat , the eldest son of pharaoh Sneferu , and of Itet.
His name is also written as Ankhersheretef. He was the nomarch of Hierakonpolis and a supporter of the Herakleopolitan-based 10th dynasty which was locked in conflict with the Theban-based 11th Dynasty kings for control of Egypt.
Penultimate Hyksos ruler of Lower and Middle Egypt, belonging to the 15th dynasty and reigning towards the end of the Second Intermediate Period.
Also known as Ipepi or Apophis. Semitic ruler of Lower Egypt , easier an early Hyksos king of the 15th Dynasty or a vassal of the Hyksos kings.
Also known as Aperia. During his reign, a civil war broke out between Egyptian army troops and foreign mercenaries in the Egyptian army. Egyptians turned for support towards a victorious general, Amasis II , who declared himself pharaoh and Apries fled Egypt.
Aristomenes of Alyzia. Also known as Aristomenes the Acarnanian. He was regent and chief minister of Egypt in the Ptolemaic period during the reign of the boy king Ptolemy V.
Around BC, Ptolemy V took personal control of his kingdom, but Aristomenes remained chief minister until he was removed from power in BC.
Arsinoe I. First wife of Ptolemy II of Egypt. Arsinoe II. She reigned BC — BC. She was murdered in a palace coup, shortly after her husband's death.
The second wife of Ptolemy I Soter. Served as high priest during the reigns of Amenemnisu and possibly Psusennes I.
A ruler of the kingdom of Kush. Also known as Akhetbasaken. She was the queen consort to pharaoh Taharqa. A Nubian king who was the successor of Tantamani, the last ruler of the 25th Nubian dynasty in Egypt.
In contrast to his predecessor, Atlanersa's kingdom was restricted to the region of Kush south of Aswan. The penultimate pharaoh of Egypt's 18th dynasty.
He was pharaoh for a brief period, although he was a close advisor to two or three of the pharaohs who reigned before him and was the power behind the throne during Tutankhamun 's reign.
Possibly the wife of the 13th dynasty king Sobekhotep II. Also known as Khnumbaf. He was a vizier during the reign of king Shepseskaf.
He was probably the son of the vizier Duaenre. Also known as Bocchoris. Was briefly a king of the 24th dynasty of Egypt. Based at Sais in the western Delta.
Captured and executed by Shabaka , a king of the 25th dynasty. King of Kush reigned c. He succeeded Amanineteyerike to the throne.
Also known as Baufre or Bauefre. Baufra was a son of Pharaoh Khufu. Served under pharaoh Seti II and later became an influential powerbroker in the closing stages of the 19th dynasty.
Egyptian vizier under king Mentuhotep II. Also known as Seuserenre Bebiankh. The successor of king Semenre. Only known from the Turin King List.
Chief royal sculptor during the reign of Pharaoh Akhenaten. Bek followed the king to Akhetaten , the city founded by Akhenaten. He oversaw the construction of the great temple statues of the king.
Also known as Beket. Benerib was most likely a wife of pharaoh Hor-Aha , but she was not the mother of his heir, Djer. Also known as Berenice Syra.
However, both Berenice and her son were then killed by Laodice I. A Macedonian noblewoman who, through her marriage to Ptolemy I Soter , became the first queen of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt.
Berenice travelled to Egypt as a lady-in-waiting to Eurydice, Ptolemy I's wife. Ptolemy I married Berenice in BC.
Her husband, Demetrius the Fair , a Macedonian prince, moved to Cyrene where he became the lover of her mother Apama. So Berenice had him killed in Apama's bedroom.
Reigned 57 BC — 55 BC. So she had him murdered to remain sole ruler. Also known as Bentanath. Bunefer's titles as a priestess of Shepseskaf mean she may have been a wife or daughter of Shepseskaf or she was the wife of king Thamphthis.
He was killed on the orders of Octavian. Cleomenes of Naucratis. Reigned BC — BC. Cleopatra V Tryphaena. Cleopatra VI Tryphaena.
Cleopatra VII Philopator. She had relationships with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. Cleopatra Selene I. Also called Dahamunzu.
The identity of this queen has not yet been established with any degree of certainty and Dakhamunzu has variously been identified as either Nefertiti , Meritaten or Ankhesenamen.
A soothsayer and magician in an Ancient Egyptian tale set in the era of Khufu , one of a number of stories to be found in the Westcar Papyrus.
His Horus name was Djedneferre. Reigned BC — c. Shortly after his marriage to Berenice, Demetrius and Apama became lovers.
In a jealous rage, Berenice killed Demetrius. Also known as Demetrius the Handsome. He was the son of Queen Merneith. He was the first to use the title King of the Two Lands, and the first depicted as wearing the double crowns.
Didia succeeded his father Pahemnetjer into the office. Also known as Djati, Zaty, Zati. He was a member of an influential family from Abydos; his mother was the vizier Nebet.
He was a son of Pharaoh Khufu and brother of pharaohs Djedefre and Khafre. Also known as Hordjedef. He reigned c. Djedefre was the first king to use the title Son of Ra, which is seen as an indication of the growing popularity of the cult of the solar god Ra.
Also known as Radjedef. He reigned — BC, the son and immediate successor of Nakhtnebef. Also known as Djedher, Takhos and Teos.
High Priest of Amun in Thebes. He was a son of Pinedjem I and succeeded his brother Masaherta during a time of great turmoil in the city of Thebes.
Served as the 3rd or 4th Prophet of Amun and was the husband of Nestanebtishru who was the daughter of Pinudjem II and Neskhons during the reign of pharaoh Shoshenq.
Also called Djehuty Sekhemresementawy or Thuty. He is mainly known for the fine decorations on his tomb depicting how colossal statues were transported.
He led Egyptian forces in the capture of Joffa modern Jaffa in Canaan. Also referred to as Thuti or Thutii.
Wife of pharaoh Sekhemkhet from the 3rd dynasty. They were possibly the parents of pharaoh Khaba, Sekhemkhet's successor. The best-known pharaoh of the 3rd dynasty of Egypt.
He commissioned his official, Imhotep, to build the Step Pyramid for him at Saqqara. Probably the daughter of Ramesses XI, last king of the 20th dynasty, and queen Tentamun.
Eratosthenes was born in Cyrene in modern-day Libya. He was the third chief librarian of the Great Library of Alexandria , the center of science and learning in the ancient world, and died in the capital of Ptolemaic Egypt.
A Greek mathematician, known as the "Father of Geometry". He was active in Alexandria during the reign of Ptolemy I.
In his best known work, Elements , Euclid deduced the principles of what is now called Euclidean geometry. Euclid also wrote on perspective, conic sections, spherical geometry, number theory and rigor.
In 47 BC Caesar won a decisive battle against Ganymedes who perished after fleeing the battle. A daughter of Shuttarna II , king of Mitanni.
Her name is sometimes written as Gilukhipa, Kilu-Hepa, or Kirgipa. Hakor overthrew his predecessor Psammuthes. Hakor revolted against his overlord, the Persian King Artaxerxes, and with the support of Athenian mercenaries held off the Persians in a three-year war between and BC.
A son of Shabaka and High priest from the time of Tanutamani. Governor of Upper Egypt and overseer of caravans. His primary business was trade with Nubia, forging political bonds with local leaders and preparing the ground for an Egyptian expansion into Nubia.
Also known as Herkhuf or Hirkhuf. A Kushite King of Meroe reigned c. Harsiotef was probably the son of Queen Atasamale and King Amanineteyerike.
His wives were Batahaliye and probably Pelkha. Chief Steward of Amenirdis I. Wife of Tuthmose II. An important official during the long reign of Pharaoh Den.
She may have been a daughter or granddaughter of Khafre. She did not hold the title king's wife.. She is mainly known from her tomb, which is located in the central field of Giza.
A son of Prince Nefermaat and his wife Itet. He is believed to be the architect of the Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt. A princess and queen, one of the eight wives of 19th dynasty pharaoh Ramesses II.
Either a daughter or a younger sister of Ramesses II as well as his wife. She was a sister of Pharaoh Akhenaten. A priestess and chantress of Amun at Thebes, mainly known for the alleged traces of cocaine and other New-World drugs on her mummy.
A God's Wife of Amun during the 21st dynasty. A Chantress of Amun during the 21st dynasty. Hepu held office during the reign of Pharaoh Thutmose IV.
He performed several successful expedition in the South under Pepi II. After his death Heqaib was promptly deified. His titles include: King's son of Kush, overseer of the Southern Lands, Fan-bearer on the king's right, Messenger to every land, etc.
Herihor played an integral role in restoring order by ousting Pinehesy, viceroy of Nubia, from Thebes. He then assumed a number of titles, from high priest to vizier, before claiming to be pharaoh, although his power base remained limited to Thebes.
She was a daughter of pharaoh Sneferu and his half-sister, Queen Hetepheres I. Hetepheres married her younger half-brother Ankhhaf, who was a vizier.
A daughter of pharaoh Huni, Hetepheres is considered to have been the wife of Sneferu. Hetepheres was the mother of Princess Hetepheres and King Khufu.
A daughter of Khufu, during his reign she married her brother, the Crown Prince Kawab, with whom she had at least one child, a daughter named Meresankh III.
Pharaoh of the 13th dynasty, also called Awibre, known for his intact tomb treasure, in particular his Ka-statue. Horbaef was a son of Pharaoh Khufu.
Also known as Baefhor or Horbaf. Last pharaoh of the 18th dynasty reigned c. Before he became pharaoh, Horemheb was the commander in chief of the army for Tutankhamen and Ay and the legitimate heir of Tutankhamen.
He appointed his vizier Paramesse as his successor, who would assume the throne as Ramesses I. Hori I. He served at the very end of the reign of the 19th dynasty pharaoh Ramesses II.
Hori succeeded Neferronpet in office. Hori was a son of prince Khaemwaset and hence a grandson of Ramesses II. Hori, son of Kama, was Viceroy of Kush under the 19th dynasty pharaoh Siptah.
A son of pharaoh Osorkon II. He was appointed by his father to the office of chief priest of Amun at Tanis to strengthen Osorkon's authority in Lower Egypt but Hornakht died at age Hotepibre Siharnedjheritef was likely a son of Ameny Qemau.
Known for his copy of the Egyptian funerary Book of the Dead. Huy was succeeded by Pahemnetjer. His name is sometimes written as Aba or Abe.
A vizier under pharaohs Wahibre Ibiau and Merneferre Ay. He was revered by later Egyptian dynasties as an architect, engineer, physician, poet and philosopher.
An Egyptian rebel ruler who was the son of a Libyan prince named Psamtik. In BC, he revolted against the Persians with the help of his Athenian allies and defeated the Persian army.
He was defeated in BC by a Persian army led by Megabyzus. Inaros was captured and executed in BC. Also known as Ienheru, or Inarus.
A wife of Pharaoh Pepi I Meryre of the 6th dynasty. Her husband was probably king Merneferre Ay. Ineni expanded the Temple of Karnak and probably oversaw the construction of Amenhotep I 's tomb and mortuary temple.
She was the only known child of Pharaoh Djoser and Queen Hetephernebti. Probably pharaoh Rudamun 's successor at Thebes but was not a member of his predecessor's 23rd dynasty.
Unlike the 23rd dynasty rulers, he was a local king who ruled only at Thebes. Also known as Iny Si-Ese Meryamun. Nomarch of Thebes during the first intermediate period, later considered a founding figure of the 11th dynasty.
He was the first of his dynasty to assume the title of Pharaoh. His authority was contested by the other nomarchs of Egypt, but he had gained control over Koptos, Dendera and the three nomes of Hierakonpolis by the end of his reign.
After the death of the nomarch Ankhtifi , Intef II was able to unite all the southern nomes down to the First Cataract. Intef VI Sekhemrewepmaat ruled from Thebes.
He lived during the Second Intermediate Period , when Egypt was ruled by multiple kings. His name is also written as Antef VI.
His name is also written as Antef VII. A daughter of Unas, the last king of 5th dynasty of Egypt. She married Teti , the first pharaoh of the 6th dynasty of Egypt.
Their son was Pepi I Meryre and she acted for him as a regent after her husband's death. Predynastic ruler of Egypt, earliest king of Egypt known by name.
Ruled Upper Egypt at least as far north as Memphis. High official, Overseer of all the works of the King , Overseer of the expedition , Royal companion.
Possibly A son of king Djedkare Isesi. She was a secondary wife or concubine of Thutmose II. She was a sister of Akhenaten.
She later married her father. Also known as Aset, or Isis. Alternatively called: Isis-nofret or Isitnofret.
One of the wives of Pharaoh Merneptah. A native ancient Egyptian priest. He led the native Egyptian revolt against Roman rule during the reign of emperor Marcus Aurelius.
A noblewoman, a wife of Prince Nefermaat , and daughter-in-law of pharaoh Sneferu. Her name is also written as Atet.
He was a son of Prince Rahotep and Nofret and grandson of pharaoh Sneferu. He was possibly a son of king Khafre and served as vizier during the reign of his brother, Menkaure.
His name is also written as Yunmin, Iuenmin , and Minuen. He was also general, army commander and governor of Upper Egypt. A pharaoh of Upper Egypt and a co-regent with his father, Pedubast I.
The ruler of Leontopolis in the Egyptian Delta region. Also known as Yuput II. An Egyptian or Nubian pretender to the throne, he was an opponent of Amenemhat I but was defeated by him.
Also called Sheikh el-Beled, he was a priest and scribe known for his wooden statue from Saqqara. A son of princess Nefertnesu and grandson of Pharaoh Sneferu.
He served as the director of the palace. He was a vizier to both Pharaoh Huni and Pharaoh Sneferu. Vizier during the reign of king Teti. Kagemni's wife Nebtynubkhet Sesheshet was probably the daughter of Teti.
A son of Nefermaat , the eldest son of pharaoh Sneferu and Itet. The last king of the Theban 17th dynasty reigned c. Her name is sometimes given as Karamat.
Karomama I. Wife of pharaoh Osorkon II. Karomama was probably a daughter of Pharaoh Takelot I. Wife of pharaoh Takelot II. Karomama was the mother of pharaoh Osorkon III.
A God's Wife of Amun during the 22nd dynasty. Possibly a daughter of Pharaoh Osorkon II. A king of the Kushite Dynasty reigned c.
Kashta ruled Nubia and he also exercised a strong degree of control over Upper Egypt. During his reign, the native Kushite population adopted Egyptian traditions, religion and culture.
An Egyptian noblewoman with the title king's wife who was buried next to the pyramid of the 12th dynasty pharaoh Amenemhet II at Dahshur.
For that reason it has been suggested she was his wife. May date to a later period however. Pharaoh of the 3rd dynasty, possibly succeeded Sanakht , may be the owner of the Layer Pyramid.
A noble based at Sais in Lower Egypt. During the second Persian occupation of Egypt — BC he led a revolt against the Persian rule with his eldest son.
During the s BC, Khabash led an invasion into the kingdom of Kush but was defeated by king Nastasen. Also known as Khababash.
Pharaoh of the 13th dynasty, successor and possible son of Hor Awibre. He served during the reigns of the pharaoh Ramesses II.
He served during the reigns of the pharaohs Amenmesse and Seti II. He was probably the son of Pharaoh Amenhotep II.
A son of Ramesses II and queen Isetnofret. Khaemwaset restored the monuments of earlier kings, such as Shepseskaf, Sahure and Nyuserre Ini, and restored the pyramid of Unas at Saqqara.
He was a priest of Ptah in Memphis. Vizier under king Ramesses IX , ordered and led investigation about some royal tomb robberies.
He was a brother of Djedefre. Khafra had his capital at Memphis and built the second largest pyramid at Giza and is thought to have built the Great Sphinx.
The last pharaoh of the Hyksos 15th dynasty of Egypt reigned c. He was defeated by the founding pharaoh of the 18th dynasty, Ahmose I.
Thought to be the last king of the 2nd dynasty of Egypt. He led several significant military campaigns and built several monuments, still extant, mentioning war against the Northerners.
A vizier in the latter part of pharaoh Ramesses II. Khay was the son of Hai and Nub-em-niut. Khedebneithirbinet I.
She was probably the wife of the 26th dynasty pharaoh Necho II. She was the mother of his successor, Psamtik II.
Khenemetneferhedjet I Weret. Khenemetneferhedjet II Weret. Khenemetneferhedjet III. Khensa was the sister-wife of the Pharaoh Piye.
Her name is sometimes written as Khenensaiuw. Khentetka was the wife of the pharaoh Djedefra. Kenthap was the mother of Djer and was probably the wife of King Hor-Aha.
A son of Nefermaat , the eldest son of pharaoh Sneferu, and Itet. She was a daughter of Menkaure , possibly a wife of Shepseskaf and mother of Userkaf.
She was a wife of Egyptian Pharaoh Neferirkare Kakai. She was the mother of Neferefre and Nyuserre Ini. She was a wife of Egyptian Pharaoh Neferefre.
She was the mother of Menkauhor. Nomarch of Asyut under king Merykare , grandson of the namesake above. Vizier under king Amenemhet III.
Overseer of the Manicurists in the Palace of King Niuserre. Shares a tomb with Niankhkhnum. The second pharaoh of the 4th Dynasty reigned c.
He is generally accepted as being the builder of the Great Pyramid of Giza. Greek name: Cheops. Khufukhaf was a son of Pharaoh Khufu and brother of pharaohs Djedefre and Khafre.
His mother might have been Queen Henutsen. His wife was Nefertkau II and she was buried with him in Giza. A local pharaoh mainly known for his purported tomb, the so-called Pyramid of Khui in Middle Egypt.
An extremely poorly known pharaoh, tentatively attributed to various dynasties from the First to the Second Intermediate Period.
Khuit I was possibly the wife of Pharaoh Menkauhor Kaiu. A king of the Hyksos 15th dynasty of Egypt.
Also known as Seuserenre Khyan, Khian' or Khayan. Ladice married Amasis II. She was a sister of Hittite king Tudhaliya IV. Maatkare was a daughter of Psusennes II.
Following the death of Ptolemy I, Magas tried to gain independence for Cyrene, until he crowned himself king around BC.
Magas managed to maintain Cyrene's independence until his death. An Egyptian noble of Nubian origin. He probably lived during the rule of the 18th dynasty king Thutmose IV.
He probably grew up in the royal nursery as a prince of a vassal territory and as an adult was an advisor or bodyguard to the pharaoh. Malewiebamani's mother was probably Queen Saka'aye.
Malewiebamani was the son of either Nasakhma whom he succeeded or Siaspiqa. An Egyptian historian and priest from Sebennytos who lived during the Ptolemaic era.
He was probably a priest of the sun god Ra at Heliopolis. Manetho wrote the Aegyptiaca History of Egypt which is of great interest to Egyptologists and used as evidence for the chronology of the reigns of pharaohs.
Overseer of the Treasury during the reign of the pharaohs Tutankhamun, Ay and Horemheb. Maya collected taxes and performed other services such as supervising the preparation of their tombs.
Legendary pharaoh of the early dynastic period, credited by classical tradition with having united Upper and Lower Egypt, and being the founder of the 1st dynasty of Egypt.
Mainstream consensus identifies him with Narmer. Menkauhor may have been a son of king Niuserre. Menkauhor's successor, Djedkare Isesi, may have been his son.
His chief queen was Khamerernebty II. He was the successor of Khafre. He was possibly the uncle of Menkheperreseneb II.
He served during the reign of pharaoh Thutmose III. A son of pharaoh Pinedjem I and queen Henuttawy. Menkheperre married his niece Isetemkheb, daughter of his brother Psusennes I and wife Wiay.
A local Egyptian prince at Thebes who became the first acknowledged ruler of the 11th dynasty by assuming the title of first supreme chief of Upper Egypt and, later, declaring himself king over all Egypt.
His wife was Tem. His only known son was Mentuhotep III. He was able to effectively reunite ancient Egypt for the first time since the 6th dynasty.
Mentuhotep V Sewedjara. Mentuhotep VI Sankhenre. Mentuhotep VI was succeeded by Nebiriau I. Pharaoh during the fragmented second intermediate period ruling over little more than Thebes itself.
A minor foreign-born wife of the 18th dynasty Egyptian pharaoh Thutmose III who was buried in a lavishly furnished rock-cut tomb in Wady Gabbanat el-Qurud.
One of the few attested pharaohs of the 14th dynasty, reigning from Avaris over the eastern Nile Delta. He first served at the court of the pharaoh Teti, possibly became vizier during the reign of Userkare, and was dismissed during the reign of Pepi I.
Merenre Nemtyemsaf I. Merenre Nemtyemsaf II. Briefly king during the 6th dynasty of Egypt reigned c. Possibly a lesser wife of pharaoh Huni.
Meresankh was the mother of the 4th dynasty pharaoh Sneferu. She was probably married her half-brother Djedefre, but it is also possible she married the pharaoh Khafra.
She was probably the wife of Senusret III. She was the first Egyptian queen consort to bear the title Great Royal Wife, which became the standard title for chief wives of pharaohs.
A pharaoh during the 10th dynasty of Egypt who controlled territories based around Herakleopolis.
Wife of pharaoh Smenkhkare. Meritaten was a daughter of pharaoh Akhenaten and queen Nefertiti. Meritaten also may have ruled as pharaoh in her own right under the name, Ankhkheperure Neferneferuaten.
Meritites was a daughter of Sneferu. Meritites married her elder half-brother the pharaoh Khufu. Daughter of pharaoh Khufu and his younger half-sister Meritites I.
She married Akhethotep, who was a Director of the Palace. A queen consort and a regent of Egypt during the 1st dynasty.
She may have been a ruler of Egypt in her own right. She was king Djet's senior royal wife and the mother of Den.
He was a son of Ramesses II. Merneptah had to carry out several military campaigns during his reign,including against the Libyans, who he defeated with the assistance of the Sea Peoples.
An Egyptian official under king Mentuhotep II during the 11th dynasty. Meru was overseer of sealers at the royal court and therefore one of the highest state officials.
An Egyptian prince and High Priest of Re. He was a son of the 20th dynasty pharaoh Ramesses III. Likely the founder of the Herakleopolite 9th dynasty, thus the Greek Achthoes.
Also known as Meryibtawy. He served for almost the entire four decades of that reign. Served as vizier to Pepi I. He was the son of the vizier Mereruka.
His mother was princess Sesheshet Watetkhetor. She was the daughter of a priestess Hui. He was a son of Pharaoh Khufu.
His mother may have been Queen Henutsen. He served as vizier during his father's reign. Hidden categories: Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata Use dmy dates from December Namespaces Article Talk.
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Audofleda of the Salian Franks. Mathesuentha of the Visigoths. Eutharic Areal line. Berthora of Rheims. Theudebert I, King of Rheims Merovingian.
No names of Ostrogothic queens are mention during beyond this point. Chlothar I, King of the Franks Merovingian.
Rosamund of the Gepids. Cunimund, King of the Gepids. Theodelinda of Bavaria. Garibald I, Duke of Bavaria Agilolfings. Gundiberga of the Lombards. Theodota of the Lombards.
Grimoald I. Hildegard of Vinzgouw. Gerold of Vinzgouw. Luitfrid II, Count of Sundgau. Gerold of Vinzgouw Agilolfings. Raoul III of Franconia.
Bertha of Gellone. William of Gellone, Count of Toulouse. Cunigunda of Laon. Ermengarde of Tours. Hugh of Tours Etichonids.
Adelchis I, Count of Parma Supponids. Richilde of Provence. Bivin of Gorze, Count of the Ardennes Bosonid. Erchanger, Count of the Nordgau Ahalolfinger.
Bertila of Spoleto. Suppo II of Spoleto Supponids. Berengar I. Anna of Provence. Louis the Blind Bosonids. Adelchis, Prince of Benevento.
Ota of Neustria. Berengar I of Neustria Conradines. Anna of Constantinople . Leo VI the Wise Macedonian.
Marozia of Tusculum, Senatrix and Patricia of Rome. Theophylact I, Count of Tusculum Tusculani. Adelaide of Burgundy and Italy. Boso, Margrave of Tuscany Bosonids.
Berengar II. Lambert of Chalon. Otto I. Otto II. Cunigunde of Luxembourg. Siegfried, Count of Luxembourg Luxembourg.
Henry II. Agnes de Poitou. William V, Duke of Aquitaine Ramnulfids. Otto, Count of Savoy Savoy. Constanze of Sicily.
Roger I of Sicily Hauteville. Conrad II of Italy. Matilda of England. Henry I of England Normandy. Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor.
Richenza of Northeim. Henry, Margrave of Frisia Northeim. Beatrice I, Countess of Burgundy. Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor.
Constance of Sicily. Roger II of Sicily Hauteville. Beatrice of Swabia. Philip of Swabia Hohenstaufen. Otto IV. Marie of Brabant.
Henry I, Duke of Brabant Leuven. Constance of Aragon.April As Stafford noted in Endless Sommer article Chronicle D, and women: gendering conquest in eleventh-century England, in: Anglo-Saxons: studies presented to Cyril Roy Hart, ed. The bourgeois monarchy of Louis Philippe can be followed only by a bourgeois republic; that is to say, whereas a limited section of the bourgeoisie ruled in Rtl Spiele Kostenlos Skat name of the king, the whole of the bourgeoisie will now rule in the name of Radsport Live people. This is remarkable since for this period the Chronicle hardly reports on women at all. In Mittelalter. Suchfunktion Suche nach:. Lhatsun Chempo, the founder of the three first Nyingmapa monasteries, conferred his ancestral name, Namgyalto the king. Das jährliche Durchschnittseinkommen eines Haushalts betrug